Plan            Previous workshops     

The PALSEA outputs listed on this website document the activities of PALSEA between 2007 and 2012 when PALSEA was run by Mark Siddall, Bill Thompson, Claire Waelbroeck. The current PALSEA activities are hosted here:

                                                LINK TO CURRENT PALSEA ACTIVITIES

PALSEA EPSL special issue. Editorial: Understanding sea-level change is impossible without both insights from paleo studies and working across disciplines Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volumes 315–316, 15 January 2012, Pages 2-3, Mark Siddall, Glenn A. Milne, pdf.


A key question for future climate change prediction is the sensitivity of ongoing sea-level rise to increases in temperature. Peak Quaternary temperatures and sea levels were similar to modern (or meters higher) with some interglacials slightly cooler and others significantly warmer so that the paleo data set covers the range of temperature increases and sea level increases suggested for the next century. We will aim to define how we may place empirical constraints on sea-level rise over the next century using paleodata.

PALSEA pursues three closely interwoven threads...

PALSEAdate - Dating of relative sea level (RSL) indicators with a focus on

                        high stands and glacial terminations. PALSEA is working

                        towards an open-source, quality controlled RSL database.

                        ***PALSEAdate activity - how to get involved***

PALSEAiso The use of isostatic models to reconstruct sea level during

                         warm periods and glacial terminations and fingerprint

                         which ice sheets are implicated in such changes

                              PALSEAiso - workshop report on line

PALSEAice - Reconstructing and understanding past ice sheet extent to   

                        place limits on future sea-level rise

                                    PALSEAice - workshop report on line




Dutton, A., Lambeck, K., 2012: Ice Volume and Sea Level During the Last Interglacial. Science, 337(6091), 216-219, doi: 10.1126/science.1205749

Gregoire, L.J., Payne, A.J., Valdes, P.J., 2012. Deglacial rapid sea level rises caused by ice-sheet saddle collapses. Nature 487, 219–222. doi:10.1038/nature11257

Törnqvist, T.E., and Hijma, M.P., 2012. Links between early Holocene ice-sheet decay, sea-level rise and abrupt climate change Nature Geoscience, 5, 601-606. doi:10.1038/NGEO1536.

Falcini, F., Khan, N.S., Macelloni, L., Horton, B.P., Lutken, C,B., McKee, L., Santoleri, R., Colella, S., Li, C., Volpe, G., D'Emidio, M., Salusti, A. and Jerolmack, D.J., 2012. Linking the historic 2011 Mississippi River flood to coastal wetland sedimentation. Nature Geosceince. doi:10.1038/NGEO1615.

Carlson, A.E., and Winsor, K., 2012, Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet responses to past climate warming: Nature Geoscience, 5, 607-613, doi:10.1038/ngeo1528.

Gehrels, W.R. and Woodworth, P.L., 2012. When did modern rates of sea-level rise start? Global and Planetary Change, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.10.020.

Bradley S.L., Siddall M., Milne G.A, Masson-Delmotte V., Wolff E., subm: Combining ice core records and ice sheet models to explore the evolution of the East Antarctic Ice sheet during the Last Interglacial period. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.11.002

Bradley S.L., Siddall M., Milne G.A., Masson-Delmotte V., Wolff E., 2012: Where might we find evidence of a Last Interglacial West Antarctic ice sheet collapse in Antarctic ice core records? Global and Planetary Change, 88-89, 64–75.

Siddall M., Milne G.A., 2012: Understanding sea-level change is impossible without both insights from paleo studies and working across disciplines, Earth and Planetary Sci. Letts, 315–316, 2-3.

Siddall, M.,  Milne, G.A., Masson-Delmotte, V., 2012: Uncertainties in elevation changes and their impact on Antarctic temperature records since the end of the last glacial period, 

Earth and Planetary Sci. Letts, 315–316, 12-23.

Siddall M., Pollard D., 2012: Sea level rise - How much and how fast will sea level rise over the coming centuries. PAGES news 20(1), p31, pdf

Siddall M., Hindmarsh R.C.A., Thompson W.G., Dutton A., Kopp R.E., Stone E.J., 2012: Sea level variations during the Last Interglacial. PAGES news 20(3), p142-143

Carlson, A.E., and Clark, P.U., 2012, Ice-sheet sources of sea-level rise and freshwater discharge during the last deglaciation: Reviews of Geophysics, doi: 10.1029/ 2011RG000371.

Gasson, E., Siddall, M., Lunt, D.J., Rackham, O.J.L., Lear, C.H., Pollard, D., 2012, Exploring uncertainties in the relationship between temperature, ice volume, and sea level over the past 50 million years, Rev. Geophys., 50, 1, doi 10.1029/2011RG000358.

Engelhart, S.E. and Horton, B.P., 2012. Holocene sea-level database for the Atlantic coast of the United States. Quaternary Science Reviews, Quaternary Science Reviews, 54, 12-25. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.013

Kemp, A.C., Horton, B.P., Vann, D.R., Engelhart, S.E., Grand Pre, C., Vane, C.H., Nikitina, D., and Anisfeld, S.C., 2012. Quantitative vertical zonation of salt-marsh foraminifera for reconstructing former sea level; an example from New Jersey, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews, 54, 26-39. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.014

Kemp, A.C., Sommerfield, C.K., Vane, C.H., Horton, B.P., Chenery, S., Anisfeld, S., and Nikitina, D. 2012. Use of Lead isotopes for developing chronologies in recent salt-marsh sediments. Quaternary Geochronology, 12, 40-49.

Kemp, A.C., Vane, C.H., Horton, B.P., Engelhart, S.E., Anisfeld, S.C. and Nikitina, D., 2012. Application of stable carbon isotopes for reconstructing salt-marsh floral zones and relative sea level, New Jersey, USA. Journal of Quaternary Science, 27, 404-414.

Thomas, A. L., et al., 2012: Assessing subsidence rates and paleo water-depths for Tahiti reefs using U–Th chronology of altered corals, Marine Geology, Volumes 295–298, 15 February 2012, Pages 86-94, doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2011.12.006.


Engelhart, S.E., Peltier, W.R., and Horton, B.P., 2011. Holocene relative sea-level changes and glacial isostatic adjustment of the U.S. Atlantic coast. Geology 39, 751-754.

Engelhart, S.E., Horton, B.P. and Kemp, A.C., 2011. Holocene Sea Level Changes along the United States' Atlantic Coast. Oceanography 24, 70-79.

Thompson W.G., H.A. Curran, M.A. Wilson & B. White, 2011: Sea-level oscillations during the last interglacial highstand recorded by Bahamas corals. Nature Geoscience (2011) doi:10.1038/ngeo1253.

Gehrels W.R., Horton B.P., Kemp A.C., Sivan D., 2011: Two Millennia of Sea Level Data: The Key to Predicting Change, Eos, 92(35), pdf.

Shennan, I., Milne, G., and Bradley, S. 2011: Late Holocene vertical land motion and relative sea-level changes: lessons from the British Isles, Journal of Quaternary Science, DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1532, please contact Prof. Shennan (ian.shennan at for a reprint.

Andersen, M.B. & Siddall, M. 2011: Relative sea level, ice sheets and isostasy past, present and future: Implications for human populations, PAGES news 19(2), 87-88, pdf.


Thompson W.G., Andersen M.B., Dutton A. and M. Siddall M., 2010: Understanding future sea level rise: The challenges of dating past interglacials, PAGES news, 18(1), 39-40, pdf

Andersen M.B., Stirling C.H.,  Potter E.-K., Halliday A.N., Blake S.G., McCulloch M.T., Ayling B.F., O’Leary M.J., 2010: The timing of sea-level high-stands during Marine Isotope Stages 7.5 and 9: Constraints from the uranium-series dating of fossil corals from Henderson Island, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74 (2010) 3598–3620, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.03.020.

Thompson, W. G. and Andersen, M. B., 2010: Facilitating progress on the Quaternary history of sea level change, EOS, Transactions AGU 91(17): 155.

Siddall M., Kaplan M.R.,  Schaefer J.M.,  Putnam A.,  Kelly M.A., Goehring B., 2010: Changing influence of Antarctic and Greenland temperature records on sea level over the last glacial cycle,

Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(3-4), 410-423, pdf.

Siddall M., Hönisch B., Waelbroeck C., Huybers P., 2010: Changes in deep Pacific temperature during the mid-Pleistocene transition and Quaternary, Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(1-2), 170-182, pdf.


Andersen, M. B., Gallup, C. D., Scholz, D., Stirling, C. H. and Thompson, W. G. 2009: U-series dating of fossil coral reefs: consensus and controversy. PAGES news 17(2): 54-56.

Claudine H. Stirling, Morten B. Andersen, 2009: Uranium-series dating of fossil coral reefs: Extending the sea-level record beyond the last glacial cycle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284(3-4), 269-283,

Siddall M., Clark P.U., Thompson W.G., Waelbroeck C., Gregory J.M., Stocker T.F., 2009: The sea-level connundrum - insights from paleo studies, EOS, 90(9), 73-73, pdf, supplementary information.

PALSEA, 2009: The sea-level conundrum: case studies from palaeo-archives, Journal of Quaternary Science, DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1270, pdf.

PAGES news special issue on sea level, 2009: Understanding sea level: Ways forward from the past, Editor: Siddall, M., Thompson, W.G., Waelbroeck, C. and Newman, L., 17(2), pdf.


(PALeo-constraints on SEA-level rise -

a WUN/PAGES working group, 2007-2012)